Report on the Second session of the Preparatory Committee for the Review Conference of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Geneva from 23rd of April to 4th May 2018
During the period from 23rd of April to 4th of May 2018, the delegation of the Council under the chairmanship of Ambassador Dr. Mounir Zahran, President of the Council, and the membership of both Dr. Sayed Bahi al-Din Abdul Hamid, and Dr. Yousra Abu Shadi, member of the Council, participated in the work of the second session of the Preparatory Committee for the NPT Review Conference 2020.
A report was prepared containing the deliberations and results of the meeting, and observations thereon, and a number of recommendations for: Improving the review mechanism and preparatory committees, ‘Talk Shop’, so that the preparatory committees turned into isolated islands, without follow-up between them, and each concludes with a summary of the president on his personal responsibility, without negotiation with the delegations of the state parties, and does not honestly reflect the views of the delegations of the 117 participating state parties
These recommendations are the responsibility of the State Parties to the Treaty, including Egypt, and it is necessary to activate, if there is faith in them, perseverance and serious follow-up, especially in a collective framework such as the Non-Aligned Movement, Treaty.
It was also stressed on the need, in the event of belief in all or some of these recommendations – to move on the official and political level to put them on the Non- Aligned Movement Agenda for adoption or improvement, and the League of Arab States could provide an initiative in this regard; to amend the rules of procedure and submit draft resolutions to the 2020 Review Conference for the purpose of improving the review mechanism and reforming the nuclear-weapon States, which cannot be played by civil society organizations because of their limited role in campaigning for such initiatives.
It is conceivable that the indefinite extension of the treaty, adopted in 1995, could be re-presented for discussion at the 2020 Review Conference, especially since that resolution was adopted without a vote on the 1995 Middle East resolution, which the United States retracted through working paper number (33), which was presented to the Second Preparatory Committee, although it was one of the three depositing countries it adopted -with Russia and Britain in 1995.