ECFA meeting with UN Panel of Experts on the Sudan
On 14th of September, ECFA welcomed the Russian Expert, and the UN member of UN Panel of Experts on the Sudan, Andrei Kolmakov. The UN expert mentioned that the two other members of the panel who are Vincent Varracq (French), Thomas W. Bifwoli (Kenyan), have meetings in Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as meetings with the Sudanese community in Cairo. The other two members from Columbia and Sweden didn’t join the meeting.
This meeting held, with the participation of Ambassadors: Mounir Zahran, Marwan Badr, Ezzat Saad, and Youssef El Sharkay.
During the meeting, The Russian expert discussed four tracks for the settlement of Sudanese conflict, these tracks as follow:
Jeddah Track: This track is the first one to bring parties on the table, but there’s doubts concerning this track due to the failure of negotiation and failure of ceasefire agreement. This track didn’t lead to positive outcomes.
African Union Track: Most of Sudanese described this track as the one with no results due to the conflicting interests and polarization. The Sudanese divided, between those who see positive role and those who see negative role of the African Union.
IGAD Track: The Sudanese look positively to this track, because the organization is aware of the situation and the origins of the conflict.
Egyptian Track: The Russian Expert described this track as promising, as this track is directed to the Sudanese conflict and include states that need to end the conflict. The most important achievements of this track are establishing a committee of foreign ministries of neighboring countries, and conducting two meetings in Cairo and Chad. This initiative is more effective as it include governing elite of neighboring countries, and there’s possibility of establishing a humanitarian corridor.
Most of the Sudanese pointed out that it’s important to unify all regional and international efforts , in addition to efforts of neighboring countries in order to reach a solution that resolve the conflict.
In addition to the four tracks, the Russian expert pointed out two points as follow:
There’s no changes in the military action, and it appears that the parties need to end the conflict with the military force. Also, he indicated that the regional tour of Abdelfatah El Bourhan is a sign of weakness after the failure of mobilization in east Sudan, but the council said that it’s normal to seek support and this is not a sign of weakness.
In light of the historical background of secession attempts by some regions in Sudan, such as the Nuba Mountains, the Blue Nile region, and the Darfur region, it is assumed that the government will seek to unify the state, but most of southern and western Sudan is under the control of the Rapid Support Forces, The Sudanese army also controls the northern and eastern sides.
In the End, the UN experts said that they visited number of neighboring countries, and asked for a permission form Sudanese government to visit Khartoum and Port Sudan, and there’s a visit to Port Sudan in 10th of October. The UN Panel is following the ongoing conflict according to their delegation to Darfur, and they are trying to understand the reality as it is.